Herbert julius lawson uk marriage record
Parents were very involved in helping children choose a marriage partner, although these were not arranged marriages. A father provided his daughter with a dowry , which involved the transfer of money or land to the groom. A wedding between two children who came from wealthy families was more than just a union between the bride and the groom -- it was a commitment between two families that tied them together socially, financially, and politically.
Much was at stake for wealthy families when their children married. Most free people in North Carolina were not very wealthy, and these people had much more freedom to choose a husband or wife than the elites. Because they were making their own way in the world and were not inheriting property from families, they could form marriages based on affection and friendship with little interference from their parents.
Many white people in North Carolina never formally legalized their marriages. This was beyond the means of most people in North Carolina. See The value of money in colonial America. Instead, some couples simply posted banns when they chose to marry, which was a tradition practiced by poor people in England. They had to be read three weeks in a row, which allowed time for anyone to object to the match for example, if the bride or groom was already married.
It also allowed the couple time to change their minds.
In England, a minister read the banns, but in North Carolina, there were few ministers, so couples would simply make the announcement to families or friends. Once the couple had made the announcement three times, the community considered them to be married. Until the mid-eighteenth century, though, the posting of banns was simply a ceremony without legal weight. In , the Colonial Assembly, recognizing that most people could not afford a marriage license, passed a bill that made the posting of banns the legal equivalent of a marriage ceremony.
To be legal, though, the banns had to be read by a government official or by a clergyman from the Church of England.
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Even after the posting of banns became a legal form of marriage, some couples still did not make their unions official. One reason was that colonial society was disorderly, and it was often difficult to find a religious or government official to read the banns. In these cases, the community would simply accept a couple and treat them as though they were married. This meant that the community expected a couple to be faithful to each other and that the man would be responsible for educating and providing for his children, even though there was no legal contract.
Another reason some people did not legally marry was that only Church of England ministers could perform marriages. There were many different religious groups in North Carolina and so people who belonged to a different church, such as the Quakers, would participate in a religious ceremony with their church community. Quakers did not have clergymen and a couple would simply stand before the congregation three times and announce their intent to marry, at which point they were married. An advantage of an informal marriage was that it allowed a couple to separate on their own terms.
Colonial society was often chaotic, and people were constantly moving and relocating, especially men.
England - The Brickwall Club
Collection of family trees mainly concerned with MLN - Stow, Leadervale, Fireburnmill, but with smaller trees on families of the name in different places. All 6 documents c. MI extracts. Refers to two or three different families. A tree of an East Lothian family.
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