Shasta daisy background information to histor
Even though Ox-eye daisy can be a skin irritant for some, it is said to have been used externally as a lotion to treat ulcers, bruises, cuts and as an eye wash from the flowers to treat conjunctivitis. We don't know to what extent and in what circumstances it proved effective and a recognised herbalist should be consulted for correct usage and doses.
Mechanical: dig up the whole plant before it flowers; go 6" down to be sure to get the shallow root systems. Continue this for a few years, as seeds are in the soil bank. The plant spreads rapidly when cattle pastures are managed with a low stock density and continuous grazing regime. Under these conditions, cows repeatedly select their preferred plants, while ignoring unpalatable species like the oxeye daisy. Switching to higher stock densities and shorter grazing periods does encourage cattle to eat and trample more of the plant. Intensive grazing and trampling slightly reduces the number of seeds produced, and presumably injures younger rootstalks.
Trampling also brings dormant seeds to the surface and removes the canopy cover so those seeds will germinate with mid-summer rain showers. In normal years, those seedlings will dry-out and die before becoming established, further reducing the number of seeds in the seed bank. It should be noted, however, that intensive grazing in wet summers may increase the number of successful seedlings.
If a pasture is intensively short-term grazed with cattle do this before it flowers , studies show sheep and goats must then graze it again. Important: Most "weed problems" are really "people problems" from poor land management and a lack of ecological insight. It is easy to reach for a tool like fire, mowing, or herbicides to attack an out-of-control weed, but often those tools do little to get to the root cause of the weed infestation, and sometimes make the problems worse.
Please read more about range ecology, desertification, and invasive weeds on this website before applying any tool of weed control. Go to: Desertification and Invasive Weeds. Notes Thomas J. Botany in a Day.
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- Leucanthemum × superbum - Plant Finder!
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A wonderful, long-lasting cut flower. The sturdy flowers remain attractive even after a hard rain. Excellent in sunny borders and in containers for patio or landscape accents. An herbaceous perennial.
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Shasta Daisy, Alaska
USDA Zone? There are very few rules in gardening, but perhaps the most important one is to work within your zone. Choosing plants that grow and thrive in your particular climate is the very first step toward having a beautiful garden. Learn More. Update My Zipcode. Buy Online. Wet soils in winter can be fatal.
Tolerates some light shade, particularly in hot summer climates or when plants are being grown in dryish soils. Remove spent flower heads to promote additional bloom. Divide clumps as needed every years to maintain vigor.
Plants are somewhat short-lived. Consider cutting stems back to basal leaves after flowering to preserve plant energies and perhaps prolong plant life. Leucanthemum x superbum , commonly called Shasta daisy, is a hybrid developed by Luther Burbank in the s near snow covered Mt.
Shasta Daisies: How to Plant, Grow, and Care for Daisy Flowers | The Old Farmer's Almanac
Shasta in northern California. Burbank crossed Leucanthemum vulgare European oxeye daisy , Leucanthemum maximum Pyrenees chrysanthemum , Leucanthemum lacustre Portuguese field daisy and Nipponanthemum nipponicum Japanese field daisy to produce Leucanthemum x superbum which was given the common name of Shasta daisy. This hybrid typically grows to ' tall with a spread to 18" wide. Leucanthemums were formerly included in the genus Chrysanthemum.
How Luther Burbank Made the Shasta Daisy
Genus name comes from the Greek leukos meaning white and anthemum meaning flower in reference to the white flowers of some species. Specific epithet means superb. Leucanthemums generally have some susceptibility to verticillium wilt, leaf spots and stem rots. Aphids, leaf miners and mites are occasional visitors.
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